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The popularity of Betta fish, also well-known as Siamese fighting fish, is because they are one of the most beautiful pet fish available nowadays.} Pretty much all Bettas have dazzlingly coloured scales and fins. Male fish are more brilliantly coloured by way of hues ranging from ruby to sapphire, and are more hard-hitting than their female counterparts. It is in addition accepted in a small amount of places to allow the Betta fish clash for bets.
They are frequently found in slow moving waters, and require warmer temperatures of water. This fact would also mean it is worth putting a heater in your tank to keep a temperature of at least 70 degrees to keep your Bettas comfy. In addition to their normal diet of flake foods, Betta fish will benefit from being fed insect larvae and small measure of insects.

Be sure to give your Bettas extra space to breathe and move about with their long flowing fins. They also need good amount of oxygen as these Betta fish are labyrinth, that is, they breath oxygen from air.

Additional Care Required

The fact Betta fish are violent in nature is well known. It wouldn’t be advised to have two male Betta fish together, or to add a new one along with an existing Betta fish. This might turn nasty if the stronger Betta fish start attacking, or biting the weaker ones. Care must be taken to segregate the attacking fish for the safety of the rest. If Two male Bettas do have to be added to one tank then it may be adviseable to add fish condos or mesh dividers to keep them apart. It is also better to keep the fish tank containing Betta fish covered when possible.

I’ve read too many articles by ardent fish hobbyists to not have to know the basics of fish anatomy. If you own a fish or would like to and ever want a conversation with someone who understands the animal then it will probably help for you to understand these terms of fish anatomy.

This guide is basically for anyone interested in knowing the labels of the basic body parts of a fish; the “heads, shoulders, knees and toes” of the animal.

So without further ado, let’s get to it:

The Operculum – Latin for “little lid” the operculum is the flap of skin that covers the gills and may move when the fish is breathing. It is what generally marks the end of a fish’s head and the beginning of its body. If enflamed it will flare (remain open) and this may be a sign that your fish has a parasite.

The Dorsal Fin – The dorsal fin follows the line of your fish’ back and is mainly for stability. It is also used by your fish in turning. Some fish will have dorsal spines that are used for protection in the wild. Often there is a second dorsal fin to a fish.

The Adipose Fin – This is not found on many fish but if you have a catfish you will be able to see it. It is a very small find behind the dorsal fin.

The Caudal Fin – This is the large fin at the back, the fish-tail.

The Caudal Peduncle – A peduncle is a mass of tissue that joins something to the body so the caudal peduncle is the bit nearest the body that joins the caudal fin. See, that wasn’t so hard, was it!

Anal Fin This is just what it sounds like; fins near the fish’s anus.

Pelvic Fin – This fin should be on the bottom of the fish fairly near below the operculum. They are used for direction and turning.

Pectoral Fin – If your fish has one it will be located on the side, just behind the operculum.

OK now that we’ve covered the basics of the outside, I am going to describe a little of what is inside your fish. Don’t worry; we’re only covering the absolute basics.

Swim Bladder – One thing that fish have that we don’t. It is a gas filled sac that the fish uses to control its depth in the water. When it wants to descend in the water it simply empties its swim bladder of air. It has expandable walls so that it can fill to allow air in for surfacing.

Gonads – These are basically the testicules or ovaries of your fish and they are both located inside of it. When the time is right they either secrete sperm or ova.

Teeny Tiny Brain – Look at any cross-section of a fish’s body and you will see that the brain really is tiny in comparison with its body and the relative size of ours. This has led some people to come to the inclusion that fish cannot feel pain and yet we know that they have memories of up to three month and can be reliably trained.

Anyway, I hope you have found this article to be of some use to you.

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How simple or weird would you like to get? The decor of a freshwater aquarium can come from many sources and often be strange. This can define your individual taste, history, cultural background and even one’s vision of a world. A major benefit of getting an aquarium is to decorate it over and over aqain until you are satisfied with your results. Your freshwater aquariums decor is the foundation of what makes our fish tanks a special place- or not!

Your pocket does not have to suffer from the possible expensive materials that you can get for your freshwater aquarium. You can find inexpensive items that will be just fine and a little creativity will go a long way. While there are lots of organic and inorganic fish tank decorations available online and at nearby shops, you can maximize your budget, by picking up some items present around you, or combine them with materials being sold in stores. Decorating an aquarium is a satisfying hobby and there is no shortage of things you can use to decorate as well as continue to redecorate, until you are happy with what you have created. It is a true do-It-yourself hobby.

The challenge for designing is to always come up with something new, something catchy or something unique. An aquarium hobbiest can always treat the designing part of the aquarium, as a rare chance to showcase their talents. Of course, the functional purpose of the design should be to both create a visual fantasy land of your liking, and a enviornment that is safe and productive for your fish.

Inorganic decor are fake or manufactured plants and rocks which are created to appear as real as possible. These are composed of plastic, silk, and clay. Organic decor on the other hand can be fossilised versions of the living objects like real rocks, driftwood, gravel, sand from rivers or beaches, and coral. Organic decor can also be living when you use them in your tank.

Some aquarists prefer manufactured decors because they do not wither, they ideally do not affect tank chemistry and that one can experiment more with varied colors. For others however, nothing beats the real thing. Choices in terms of colors and shapes are limited if one chooses to go for organic decor. Plus occasionally your fish might eat the live plants and you will need to replace them, which can be costly.

Of course, you can use a combination of live plants and manufactured plants or just go simple with only one or the other.

Here are a few ideas for your freshwater aquarium.

First, know your fish. For the fish, decorations can be a safe haven in the aquarium. If you want to create an atmosphere that is closest to real life with your decorations, study and learn about your fishs character, likes and dislikes. For example, a surgeonfish needs more swimming space while dottybacks are more used to having plenty of hiding places and african cichlids love rocks that contain limestone. Some species are more comfortable with plants than with rocks and vice-versa.

Second, define your theme. One can freely choose to be youthful, classic, absurd or playful with fantasy. You can make use of replicas of war ruins, sunken galleons, battle ships, treasure chests, underwater divers, mermaids, skulls, skeletons or mummies. There are also toys, doll and tv characters available for your aquarium and don’t forget the pirate paraphernalia and Navy decor.

Driftwood in its provincial shape and appearance can be your tank’s centrepiece. Make sure though that your wood is treated of unwanted elements. Wood usually affects water acidity which will affect your fish so make certain to check that the wood is cleared of any pests or diseases before use. Wood will provide a refuge, a spawning site, and nourishment for many of your aquariums fish. Swamp woods are best for the aquarium as they will not easily rot, but to be sure always ask someone you know, where you have seen a piece of wood in their fish tank. You can fing out how it is doing in their tank and if they had had any problems with it in the past along with any issues with their fish regarding it.

Live plants and live rocks are very beneficial to the fish and provide a realistic appeal, though adding live items does come with additional lighting and supplement requirements. Also in some live rocks, an aquarium silicon sealant has been discovered so that one can safely shape rocks according to their likes.

Third, befor you do anything else create a background for your aquarium. An aquarium is like a theater stage where its background can establish a tone of a stage drama. Popular colors such as black, dark green, deep blue and slate blue have different impacts. Pleasant pictures of nature, mangroves and reefs are some of the many tank backgrounds available. Some aquarists find it easier in terms of maintenance for the back of their tank to be covered with pictured tape which give a more full and plentiful look to the aquarium.

For many fish-keeping hobbyists, the most exciting part of the hobby is the part of planning out your design and working on it until you get the feel and look according to your desire. Aquascaping can complement and reflect an owners personal artistic sense or business atmosphere. A common problem in designing is to overcrowd the fish tank. It is good idea to first make a hand drawing, and draw in what you might want in the aquariun. You may also want get advice ideas from friends and family members.

With the popularity and advancement of the hobby, stores offer hundreds of items to choose from, both fake and real. It helps to be exposed to all of these to make sure you will not miss any item that may suit your plan and budget. A lot of designs are available in books and online, and also in magazines. You do not have to copy something really nice but you can get great ideas from them.

Do not be afraid to design your own. ‘Do it yourself’ is a fad that is fun and practical. In the end, decor for your freshwater aquarium should be fun , entertaining and visually stunning and you will find is well worth the effort .

In recent years, the exotic freshwater aquarium shrimp has been added to the aquaria hobby. Shrimp has been kept in many tanks in some parts of the world for many years until creative hobbyists found them to be great in home aquarium. Freshwater aquarium fish are being kept and bred for their assorted colors and their non-aggressive behavior. They are now also being sold in pet shops like any other traditional aquatic pets.

Takashi Amano, a Japanese aquarist, introduced a shrimp variety known as the Yamato Numa Ebi in the 1980’s. Also known as the “Japanese marsh shrimp” and “Amano shrimp”, they are more colorful than other freshwater aquarium shrimp. Their color combinations are light brown to reddish brown. They can get as large as 2 inches when fully grown and prefer to eat soft algae. They are sensitive to high levels of ammonia but can tolerate high alkalinity. Coming from a temperate region, they only thrive in waters temperatures ranging from 30 C and below. When algae is not available , they will eat fish food and some other things in the absence of their normal food supply.

Another popular variety is the Cherry shrimp which originated from Taiwan. The most sought after variation of this type is the Red Cherry shrimp which was bred in Germany. They were brought to the Unite States in the 1990’s. The Red Cherry shrimp have care requirements almost the same with the Amano shrimp. They are the same in size and eating habits. Known in the scientific circles as Neocaridina denticulata sinensis, Cherry shrimp are non-aggressive. They are very active and spend most of the time grazing on plant leaves and the tanks bottom for algae.

A known and somewhat popular kind is the Bee shrimps who have also become known as Bumble Bee shrimp. These small freshwater shrimp came from Hong Kong. They grow slowly and only grow to 1 inch in adulthood. Unlike the Amano shrimp and Cherry shrimp, they are not good algae eaters. They consume vegetable matter and soft mosses. They thrive well in waters ranging from 22 to 25C, and a water ph of 7.5 and the water should be free of any ammonia. Bumble Bee shrimp can reproduce 12 times in a year if their habitat is properly maintained. They reach adulthood in half a year and can live to almost one and a half years.

There are large, long-arm shrimp that are preferred by some aquarists but they are known to be aggressive. With their chelipeds they can catch small fish and other small pets in within the tank. The Indian whisker shrimp are one of these species. They also require bigger tanks compared to their smaller counterparts. They must be isolated from smaller shrimp and fish because they may cause disruptions in the habitat.

In caring for freshwater aquarium shrimp, it must be considered that with their size, isolating them would be a good idea. They must be kept in a separate tank because small shrimp are at risk of being eaten by freshwater fish. Avoiding ammonia is also a main consideration and it can be done by selecting a 10-gallon tank. A smaller tank can not give the water quality the shrimp need. They are more sensitive than freshwater fish to water conditions. They can be easily killed by accumulated amounts of ammonia.

For biological filtration, an air-driven sponge filter is one of the better options. Cherry shrimp and a few others like the fine grains of silica sand and the like, as the substrate for the bottomm of their fish tank home. Java moss could be a great addition to the tank. It has been observed that shrimp are more active and productive having Java moss because it does not drastically compete with them in nutrients. Pellets and flakes are good for feeding shrimp but the shrimp will do better with other foods more to their liking. It is a better to give them the amount they can consume in a few minutes. Putting excess food in the tank can affect water quality and may endanger the shrimp.

Water quality must be monitored constantly because the slightest changes in its condition have an immediate adverse effect on the shrimp. The water temperature must be maintained at 25C and a maximum of 30C. Always use a dechlorinator and ammonia neutralizer to reduce the levels of chlorine and ammonia in the tank, and keep them really low to prevent any harm to your shrimp. Toxins must be eliminated from the aquarium on the weekly basis to protect the live shrimp in the tank and should be done on a weekly schedule and in stages of around 30 percent of the water per water change.

The health of the shrimp can be judged with their behavior in the water. They are healthy if they constantly move and look for food. They never hold still unless they drop their shell in the course of growing. As their new shell hardens in about two days, they stay hidden because at this condition they are vulnerable to predators especially in a community tank. Maintaining the parameters of their habitat will ensure their health and longer life span. New and improved ways of caring for them are being discovered as more people appreciate them as part of this hobby.

The market for freshwater aquarium shrimp is slowly gaining ground. The west of the Americas are now seeing the bauty in these pets and getting them for their home aquariums and well as some office fish tanks. The Japanese and other people in the Orient have been doing it for many years now. Keeping shrimp is an old practice rediscovered as a hobby. It took a second look at the shrimp not just as an edible creature, but a living decoration that helped us realize its beauty and vitality.

The goal of this game is exactly that of the original, namely to develop a virtual aquarium. This is accomplished just as one would do in real life. Players simply buy fish, accessories, and various creature comforts for the tank. The keyword here is buy as players need cash in order to buy all of this stuff. Cash is earned by completing match-3 levels before time runs out. In these game levels, players must match three identical pieces in a row by clicking on two adjacent pieces to swap them around. A swap is only successful if it creates a match. Tiles contain various pieces like ghosts, pumpkins, wizard hats, starfish, crabs, and even seashells.

Some of these pieces sit atop golden tiles. Every level contains a specific amount of these golden tiles that the player must collect in order to proceed to the next level. The level ends once the player collects all the golden tiles or runs out of time. In some levels, these special tiles are silver and not gold. These tiles must be matched twice in order to clear them. Some tiles are locked, meaning their corresponding pieces can only be freed by matching them with other tiles. Various power-ups like bombs, dynamite charges, warheads, and lightning bolts are offered throughout the levels. These items can destroy multiple pieces in one go.

Fishdom: Spooky Splash lets players choose from about 200 different types of fish and accessories. This variety provides a virtually unlimited number of aquariums one may create and design. Clicking on the eye button at the top of the screen pauses game-play, hides the playing board, and allows you to view the aquarium while listening to the game theme song. A bonus screen-saver featuring your very own personalised aquarium awaits should you successfully complete the entire game. As a result, the titles publisher claims this virtual aquarium provides a fully interactive, customisable environment for players to enjoy.

It is hard to say who the mixed aquatic/haunted house theme will appeal to. One doesnt generally think about ghosts and goblins while making a fish tank. Adding lighting and accessories to this virtual fish tank doesnt seem to be as spooky as the developers would like players to think. While the original title lays claim to several gaming awards, it is not clear whether or not this title will bring anything new to the table in order to gain awards of its own. The titles publisher claims the game provides endless replay value to gamers. While this may be so for casual players and match-3 enthusiasts, hardcore gamers will quickly grow bored with this title despite its playability, graphics, and overall appeal. Matching tiles will get old for this type of player regardless of how well the graphics and sound are made. When it comes to making electronic fish tanks, lets just say that the hardcore crowd would rather not.

Fishdom: Spooky Splash is suitable for all gaming audiences. It is available for play on Microsoft Windows, Mac OS, Nintendo DS platforms, as well as an online browser-based edition through