When doing painting and repair work above a sloped roof line, a homeowner must keep safety foremost in his or her mind. Mistakenly thinking that you simply can set up some kind of make shift support for your ladder to get you to the height you need can be very risky and can land you in the hospital.
Before undertaking this challenge one should do the appropriate research on what is available to use on sloped roofs and what will work best for your roof given the amount on incline you face.
Below are suggestions that I can give base on over 30 years of experience in the home improvement industry:
A.The first thing I recommend is assessing just how steep of a slope you are dealing with. A shallow slope may mean that all you need is a short extension ladder equipped with a good set of levelers. Shallow slope is the operative phrase here. Trying to use a ladder on slopes that are too steep to maintain proper traction of the leveler pads can result in serious injury, so use some common sense here.
B.For homeowners who plan to do their own painting, I recommend buying a good quality roof hook that attaches to the top two rungs of an extension ladder and then loops over the ridge of the roof. This allows you to safely work without worrying about sliding off the roof. I will mention also, you can even set an extension ladder that is equipped with levelers inside of the ladder rungs of the ladder that is equipped with the roof hook. It should properly support the extension ladder preventing slippage of the leveler pads on the roof.
C.Another option is to buy a roof ladder. A roof ladder is designed specifically for the purpose of doing roof work. There are several advantages in using the roof ladder. Roof ladders are easier to walk up and down the roof since it has a lower profile. There is less danger that you will trip or lose your balance when using a roof ladder. You can also set an extension ladder equipped with levelers inside of the rungs of the roof ladder. This is my favorite method; however it is the more expensive way to go. You will be investing several hundred dollars in a good roof ladder. It is worth the safety it affords, however.
D.Roof cleats or 2X4s is an option. Most homeowners cringe with the thought of driving nails into their roof, especially if it is a relatively new roof they are working over. Of course the nail holes have to be filled with roofing patch when the cleats are removed. If you decide to use roof cleats, keep in mind that nails can pull out, and especially on very steep roofs. Some people make the mistake of using 2 layers of 2X4s to work off of. The problem with this is that by using 2 layers you are putting more stress on the nails that are securing the 2X4s and often they will bend and pull out sending you down the roof. Only use one layer of 2X4 for cleats. The another problem with this method, is that you have to cover your roof with a drop cloth to protect from paint. This can make navigating up and down the roof dangerous. The other option is to put the drop cloth down first and nail the cleats through the drop cloth. This will damage your drop cloths but is much safer. Using cleats on your roof is also more dangerous when trying to us an extension ladder equipped with levelers. I personally do not use and extension ladder in conjunction with roof cleats.
The best policy is to play it safe. Use the roof ladder or roof hook for maximum safety. Just one mistake can ruin you for a lifetime. If money is an issue, then save until you have enough money to purchase the proper equipment. The house maintenance can wait for your safety. The best tip offered by house painters is to always put your safety first.
At first, I will tell you that the existence of the furniture has sufficient reasons. They are not only have the practical use because most of them can be used to store clothes and other things, but also have the aesthetic values with good design. When their aesthetic values reach up to the maximum, their external elements such as shapes, raw materials and colors become very important, and ultimately form the characteristics of the furniture. In the following article, I will introduce these three aspects successively.
The design of the modern furniture is the important judgment standard of good furniture or poor furniture. As is known to all, one good furniture design can bring beauty, pleasure and comfort to people. When appreciating design of modern furniture, you should pay more attention on the contrast relation in the aesthetic including thick and thin, round and square, curved and straight. Through these contrast relation, modern furniture would be full of contemporary style.
The raw material of the modern furniture is also the critical factor during furniture design and production process because modern furniture made from high quality raw material can bring sense of beauty to people. All the furniture design is based on the raw material to shape. In other words, no raw material, no aesthetic modern furniture. Generally speaking, the raw material of furniture have two types, including the natural material such as wood, bamboo, etc. and the artificial material such as glass, metal, etc. when designing and producing with different raw materials, the visual sense and tactile sense reflected from the furniture are different. The characteristics of the material itself can be reflected fully after the processing on material surface. Therefore we can say that the proper use of raw material not only strengthen the art effect of furniture, but also reflect the important feature of high quality modern furniture.
The color of the modern furniture is the symbol of some elements. When designing modern furniture, the proper use of different colors can reflect the different styles of the living environment and whats more reflect the characteristics, tastes and character of the occupants. Aesthetic modern furniture should make good use of the shape and texture to express the style of furniture design, and meanwhile fully make use of color to express the atmosphere of the design. Finally, they have the unique sense of rhythm to create one unique language, deliver one emotion so as to achieve the purpose of attracting and infecting consumers.
Some people just toss out old patio furniture, but not you. You’re the kind of handyman (or woman) who knows how to get the most mileage out of a piece of furniture. An outdoor rocking chair can be a cherished piece passed down through the generations. Keep yours looking like the day you bought it with some repair tips.
Problem #1: Uneven or discolored finish
To repair the aesthetic portion of your outdoor rocking chair, you will first need to strip away any visible traces of an existing finish. You can use a finish stripper or just sandpaper. You can also use a putty knife to get off any especially thick spots, but be careful not to nick the wood. Once the surface is smooth and free of varnish, clean off all surfaces to ensure that the finish sticks better. Then, you can apply one to two coats of a finish of your choice, an oil-based varnish or paint, for example.
Problem #2: Damaged spindles
One feature found on many a wooden outdoor rocking chair is spindles. These are the rod-shaped pieces of wood that make up the backrest and sometimes hold up the armrests as well. The problem is that these can often be quite thin and delicate and prone to breaking.
To remove, use a hammer and punch, but in the armrests substitute a non-slip pad in order to twist out the spindles. If you cannot find an exact match for your existing spindles, you will want to remove them all and buy an all new matching set. When replacing the spindles, clamp them into the chair until the glue has a chance to fully dry.
Problem #3: Mold, stains and discoloration
If the finish is not a problem, but the wood itself has become discolored from black mold or some other stain, you can do one of two things: you can either cover and hide the stain, or try and remove it. To hide the stain, clean the wood off using soap and water and then apply a coat of an opaque or stain-hiding primer. Then you can choose whatever color to paint your outdoor rocking chair once the primer is completely dry.
However, if you want to try and preserve the natural coloration of the wood, you might opt to remove the stain, which is slightly trickier. To be the most gentle on the wood, go from mildest to strongest cleaners when trying out what works. For mild stains and buildup, try soap and warm water or a wood-safe cleaner, like Murphy’s.
If that doesn’t work, use a stronger cleaner, but avoid power washers, as they can damage the surface and grain of wood. A stronger solvent like chlorine or bleach mixed with water is effective, but work in small, concentrated areas using gloves and goggles and do not let the mixture sit for too long on the chair, as it will start to eat away at the wood.
Problem #4: Broken or uneven pieces
If the seat or other parts of your outdoor rocking chair have fallen into disrepair you can do a few different things. For small cracks, you can either try to sand them out so that they not spread, or else try gluing small pieces of wood directly into the cracks.
For bigger cracks, rotted or warped wood or completely broken pieces, you will want to replace that section altogether. This is a bigger job best left to professionals if you’re unsure, but if you do decide to do it, make sure the wood you choose is even and matches. Try to replace as little wood as possible, as this will change how the chair contour fits and looks.
Whether you call them wall aquariums or fish frames, there is not doubt that wall mounted aquariums are hot. The latest in a series of novelty aquariums, wall mounted and tabletop aquariums and are gaining in popularity.
There was a time when serious aquarium owners would build the tank and the supporting equipment into a wall space. Built in aquariums required a space behind the wall in order to gain access to the pumps, filters, lighting and to the tank itself. Built in tanks are generally of a size larger than the average home aquarium. Standard stand alone tanks can take up quite a bit of space in the average home and smaller novelty aquariums may not be big enough. The wall mounted aquarium solves some these problems in a beautiful and unique way.
The parallels between wall mounted aquariums and the new generation of flat screen televisions cannot be ignored. In certain respects, the aquarium looks like a flat screen television, being roughly the same diagonal size and thickness. Of course the big difference is that instead of cable news, we are treated to a segment of Mother Nature at her aquatic best. The same can be said for the thin line tabletop aquariums that can easily be mistaken for a flat screen television. The design of these unique aquariums takes the best of novelty aquariums and combines them with aesthetic appeal and ease of maintenance.
The equipment end of these modern fish tanks are integrated into the cabinet that surrounds the tank. Filter systems are typically of the wet-dry variety and require no more maintenance than a standard aquarium setup. The balance of the system including lighting and temperature controls are fully integrated. The water capacity of currently available wall mounted aquariums ranges from less than a one gallon to just over twenty gallons. The volume of fish depends not only on the water capacity but on the habitat that the owner establishes inside the tank.
Designed primarily for fresh water fish, some manufacturers allow for alterations that will make the tank suitable for salt water use. The biggest change will usually involve the filter type. Maintaining a saltwater habitat takes a great more work and knowledge, and is not a task suited for the novice fish enthusiast. Wall mounted and slim line tabletop aquariums are designed like most novelty aquariums. The goal is make the tanks as easy as possible for everyone from the novice fish keeper to the most avid hobbyist.
The relative simplicity of the wall mounted aquariums and novelty fish tanks in general can still pose a challenge. Owners must still take on the responsibility of learning what it takes to care for their new charges. Too few fish is rarely a problem, while too many fish in a tank can cause real difficulties. The small capacity of most wall mounted aquariums limits not only the number of fish but the species of fish suitable for a given setup.
Other routine chores the come with owning an aquarium must also be considered. Maintaining the right Ph, keeping a cleaning schedule and understanding the nutritional needs of the fish is key to fully enjoying what some folks have described as art coming alive. Fish are susceptible to attacks by parasites and certain water-borne bacteria that can sicken and kill aquarium fish. As with any type of pet, owners have a responsibility to learn about aquatic diseases and how to properly treat them.
These cool aquariums are not inexpensive and this convenience of a fully integrated system comes at a price. Larger, more decorative tanks can range upwards of twenty five hundred dollars to less than one hundred dollars at the low end.
In the largest scientific experiment ever undertaken, protons fed into the LHC through Kyocera’s ceramic vacuum chambers quickly reach speeds of up to 299,792 km per second — just below the speed of light — in the world’s largest particle accelerator.
The chambers are made of fine ceramics because metal would produce a time lag in the magnetic fields that drive the protons. Kyocera’s chambers maintain the vacuum state present in the whole LHC system to keep the racing particles from hitting air molecules, which reduce the protons’ speed or alter their precisely controlled direction.
Protons fed into the LHC through Kyocera’s ceramic vacuum chambers quickly reach speeds of up to 299,792 km per second. When necessary, protons can also be removed from the LHC by alternating magnetic fields for example, when the LHC is to be shut down.
“As a specialist in fine ceramics, Kyocera custom-developed these vacuum chambers in close collaboration with CERN for the LHC’s unique requirements,” said Mitsuru Imanaka, president of Kyocera’s European operations.
Kyocera was the only company in a position to meet CERN’s exacting specifications for the vacuum chambers. “The technical demands of making a fine ceramic component increase in direct proportion to its size and shape,” Imanaka explained. “These vacuum chambers exceed one meter in length, requiring us to maintain a uniform, homogenous structure over a large area. Kyocera’s material and processing expertise have allowed us to produce fine ceramic components to overcome technical challenges at CERN and in many other industrial and research applications.”
The LHC showcases the unique properties of Kyocera’s precisely refined ceramic materials. Ceramic serves as an electrical insulator, allowing particles to be freely manipulated in the LHC’s highly electromagnetic environment. In addition, ceramic is more resistant to extreme temperatures, friction and corrosion than other materials — critical attributes for such a world-leading scientific project.
What might you ask does this have to do with pottery? Pottery and ceramics have been an important part of human culture for thousands of years. From prehistoric storage jars to tiles on the space shuttles, pottery and ceramics have played a key role in innumerable human endeavours. But how do we define them?
Technically, ceramics are those things made from materials which are permanently changed when heated. For example, clay has chemically-bonded water in it which will cause it to slake down (disintegrate) when a dried clay object is put in water. Once heated (fired) to between 660 and 1470F (350 and 800C), the clay is converted to ceramic and will never dissolve again.
All clay is a ceramic material, but there are other ceramic materials, as well. Glazes are also ceramic materials, because they permanently change during firing. Industrial ceramics include a range of materials such as silica carbide and zirconium oxide.